18 Ekim 2010 Pazartesi

The Greek Civilization

1. Bronze-age civilizations
(2000 B.C- 12th century B.C. )

2. ‘The Dark Ages’
(12th century B.C.-8th century B.C.)

3. Classical Greek civilization
(8th century B.C- 4rd century B.C.)

4. Hellenistic world
(323 B.C.- 30 B.C.)

2) "The Dark Ages" (12th-8th Centuries BC)

Urban decline and depopulation
Fewer international contacts and less trade
Simpler state structure
No writing
Art with simpler designs

 Byzantine Manuscript
of Homer's Iliad

3) Classical Greek Civilization (8th-4th Centuries BC)

Changes After the Dark Ages and Their Contribution to Greek Democracy
The rise of POLIS (POLIS)
The rise of hoplite phalanx
The rise of colonies and commercial expansion (accompanied by the rise of writing, and changes in art and architecture)
Athens Before 'Democracy'
-Council of elders
-Executive officials (archons)
-People’s assembly

Pictures below show the influence of Greek art in Egypt


Athenian Move Towards 'Democracy'
Solon’s reforms after 600 B.C.
Easing the burdens of debts on farmers
giving citizenship rights to foreign merchants and artisans
people’s assembly being opened to the poor, and rise in its powers
Cleisthenes’ reforms after 500 B.C.
making people’s assembly as the sole source of power
Athenian Democracy
The Assembly
The Council of 500
The Courts

Greco-Persian Wars

Achaemenid Empire (550-330 BC)

Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.)

Thermopylae victory for Greeks
  (480 B.C.)

Significance: uniting Greeks

5th Century BC
5th century BC

Praxieteles, Venus 
4th Century BC

The Peloponnesian Wars (431-404 BC)

Peloponnesian League vs. Delian League

4) Hellenistic World (323-30 BC)


Alexander's Dream?
 Mural from
Pompei, Italy

Pierre Narcisse

Hellenistic World and its Difference from Classical Greece

Political structure
Economy and trade
Urban life
Culture and arts
 Euclid's elements

17 Ekim 2010 Pazar

The Mycenaean Period (1500-1200 BC)

Mycenaean Palatial Architecture

Mycenae, Tiryns
Thebes, Gla
Orchomenos (?)
Menelaion (?)
Athens (?)
Eleusis, Iolkos (?)

Mycanae Aerial Views of the Citadel

Mycanae Citadel Plan

Mycenae Megaron Complex

Mycenaean Frescoes
Women Procession Fresco from Thebes

Compare it with the Minoan Fresco below

Compare the lyre player fresco from Mycenae with the Minoan bird fresco

Mycenaean Frescoes depicting combat scenes

Eastern Mediterranean Trade During the Late Bronze Age

Uluburun Shipwreck Site Plan

Origins of Artifacts from Uluburun Shipwreck

Neopalatial (Minoan) Period in Crete (1700-1430 BC)

Palace Sites in Crete during Neopalatial Period

Chania, Knossos, Phaistos, Malla, Zakros


Plan of Knossos Palace

Minoan Frescoes
From the island of Thera:

Delta Complex Room 2 Spring Fresco

Xeste 3 Room 3 Mistress of Animals Fresco

Toreador (Bull Leaping) Fresco from Knossos Palace

Another Bull Leaping Fresco from the Palace at Tell el Dab'a, Egypt
(Pay attention to how similar they are in terms of content)

The Shaft Graves Period on Mainland Greece (1700-1500 BC)

From Mycenae in the northeast of Peloponnesia

Map of Mycenae with Grave Circles B and A

Gold Face Masks from Grave Circle A

Gold Foil Body Cover of a Child

Niello Daggers with Lion Hunt and Lion Hunting Scenes

Combat Scenes on Signet Rings

Metal Vessels